The "Stockholm Trial" was a congestion tax introduced in Stockholm with a special stipulation, that being that the tax would only be a trial that would last for 6 months, at which point it would be revoked. Following the completion of the trial, reports would be produced on it’s impact and eventually a public vote (similar to a referendum) would be held to determine whether the tax should be permanently put in place or not. Is this something we should try here? Perhaps only being charged during specific hours, especially considering that RFID has already been suggested as an alternative to having Police Officers doing license plate spot checks.
A summary of facts released about the trial solution noted:
Public Transport and Park-and-Ride Sites
- on weekdays between 06.30 hours and 18.30 hours traffic fell by approximately 22%
- over a 24-hour period vehicle passages into and out of the inner-city dropped by 19%
- approximately a 4% increase in the use of public transport
- approximately 23% more cars parked on park-and-ride sites every weekday
- a reduction in car use by 25%
- As many as 69% of the inner-city journeys were made by public transport, 26% were made by car.
The Environment and Urban Life
- a fall in emissions from road traffic by 8% to 14% in the inner-city.
Other environmental effects
- The greenhouse gas carbon dioxide has fallen by 40% in the inner-city and by 2-3% in Stockholm County.
- resulted in a reduction in the number of accidents involving personal injuries by 5–10% in the inner-city.
Retail, Business and the Economy
Retail little affected
- Analyses of turnover within the retail trade in the Stockholm region show that the Stockholm Trial only had a minor impact
More efficient transport
- Studies of companies within transport intensive trades such as taxis, courier services, and tradespeople show that in many cases they have been able to streamline their business as a result of improved accessibility.
- If regarded only as a brief experiment, not to be resumed, the Stockholm Trial was a financial loss due to associated setup, investment and the operation of the congestion tax system over the 7 month trial.
- Social cost-benefits such as shorter journey times, improved traffic safety, and health and environmental effects
- The congestion tax levied is estimated to be SEK 763 million per annum, and running costs around SEK 200 million per annum.
- The extended bus traffic is estimated to be unprofitable from a cost-benefit viewpoint, both during the Stockholm Trial and in any permanent charging scheme.